Many images of the Black Madonna still exist today. Ean Begg reports the existence at one time or another ofmostly in Europe, and Marie Durand-LeFebvre reported onmostly in France.
Following are listed those images of the Black Madonna which according to reports still exist, are still black and can still be seen. Many more are found in the literature but some were destroyed during the French Revolution and religious wars, some have disappeared or are in private collections, a few have been lightened or repainted and are no longer black and still others are copies of the more famous Notre-dame-de-grace black dating Madonnas such as those of Le Puy or Guadalupe.
They are not included in this list. Those which follow generally have their origins in the middle ages or earlier. Sometimes an ancient Black Virgin is destroyed and replaced by another, and these are included if they also are old. Modern versions and recent copies or statues are not included, with the exception of the Black Madonna at St.
Gervazy, a copy from the Louvre museum workshops. A few are included because several sources indicate they are Black Madonnas, even when a local official claims they are not Black Madonnas.
Most of the Black Madonnas are found in churches, chapels and sanctuaries. Notre-dame-de-grace black dating few are in museums. Most are sculpted, usually out of wood, sometimes from stone and one was cast in lead.
Some are paintings, most of them attributed to St. A few are icons and several are frescoes. The majority of the Black Madonnas listed are found in France - perhaps because much of the earliest research was French.
More recently additional Italian and Spanish Black Madonnas have been identified by several authors. Tourist office says it was blackened by time and the elements. In church of Ste.
Elizabeth, N-D de Spermalie, wood, repainted. Brussels In Church of St. Hal Brabant In Church of St. Walcourt Namur In Basilique St. Maternebuilt and consecratedpresent miraculous Notre-dame-de-grace black dating dates from this period, making it one of the oldest statues of the Virgin in the west, wood, covered in silver 11 C.
Popular legend says statue blackened in fire of ; and notre-dame-de-grace black dating does appear that the left side of the face was darkened as a consequence of fire. However, Etienne Mont informs us that the black color of the metal portion is due to oxidation. The wooden statue is covered with silver plates which have oxidized over time.
Statue of Black Madonna, Holy Mary, comes from 15 C, moved to church at Marija Bistrica around because of threat from the Turks, in hidden in a church wall under a stained glass window and lost; found in In the Indians asked sculptor Diego de Robles to carve them an image out of native cedar notre-dame-de-grace black dating that of Guadalupe Mexico.
Mayfield Sussex In Convent of the Holy Child, former manor house of the Archbishops of Canterbury, statue in the chapel given to one of the nuns in the 19 C, Blue Guide dates it at cvery dark wood.
Seated Madonna in courtyard room, wood, slightly less dark than first, found in ruins of farmer's storage room during restoration of buildings in the s. Replicas based on seal of Walshingham are dark. In Anglican shrine, dark statue of the Virgin, based on the seal, enthroned in replica of the original sacred house. Arconsat Puy-de-Dome In village church, N-D d'Arconsat, 12 C, only the faces, very black, are sculpted, suggesting it was notre-dame-de-grace black dating to be robed from its origin.
Replaced in 17 C by a statue of white marble, but the original was deposited on the tomb of Saint Trophime in the chapel of Notre-Dame de Graces; another statue preceded the ancient black statue. Said to be the most notre-dame-de-grace black dating sanctuary of the Virgin in Haute-Savoie.
Boulogne-sur-Mer Pas-de-Calais N-D des Anges or de Boulogne, the crypt museum contains an early 19 C BV in a white dress standing in a boat; original statue of the Virgin and Infant said to have arrived in a lowly, humble boat destroyed notre-dame-de-grace black dating the Rev. Bourg-en-Bresse Ain In local church N-D de Bourg, standing, blackened elm or willow, found in hollow willow tree in swamp by shepherd in 13 C, badly burnt during Rev.
Bourisp Hautes-Pyrenees In niche to right of entrance to church. Found by ox in a bush near a swamp. Capdrot Dordogne In local church, N-D La Noire, wood, 19 C, statue stands on plinth behind altar; original statue hidden from Protestants in a wall, modeled after that of le Puy, ancient one disappeared 15 C, had been venerated before 12 C. N-D du Notre-dame-de-grace black dating in nave, early 16 C replacing 13 C gilt statue, pear tree wood.
N-D de Sous-Terre in the crypt, replaced in by notre-dame-de-grace black dating natural wood statue, original destroyed during Rev.
BV on the door of the Nativity aft royal entrance to the cathedral, modeled after the BV from the crypt, destroyed in 16 C. Bernard, in Ecole St.
Bernard and on feast days at Church of Vorles, 12 C, wood, restored In cathedral, Notre-Dame de la Bonne-Mort, from 12 C, wood gilded and painted aboutdiscovered in mortuary chapel of a bishop. BV in underground tomb of Louis XI. Couterne Orne N-D de Lignou Lignonterra cotta and metal or blackened wood of 17 or 19 C, very heavy, found in hawthorn tree, hidden during Rev.
Cuiseaux Jura In Church of St. Thomas of Canterbury, N-D du Noyer,found in walnut tree, carved by shepherd. Child holds closed book in left hand. Espalion Aveyron In chapel of l'Hopital d'Espalion, La Negrette, standing, wood, no child, when painted returns to her original color, part of a retable of 14 C for chapelle of chateau de Calmont, brought back from Crusades by Lord of Calmont.
Ferrieres Loiret In local church, N-D de Bethleem, standing, late 15 C, oak, gilded and worm-eaten, statue on display in the church notre-dame-de-grace black dating an exact replica of the original which is kept in a safe hiding-place. Goult-Lumieres Vaucluse In right hand crypt chapel, N-D de Lumieres or La Santo Vierge Negro, wood, original statue there in 16th cent, lost in religious wars, rediscovered in 17 C, stolenreplaced with replica. Grenoble Isere In hillside oratory, N-D de la Tronche yule log, white stone intentionally blackened, replacing earlier wooden statue found on banks of Isere.
Lyon Rhone In Chapel of St. Thomas a Becket next to basilica: N-D de Fourvieres or de Bon Conseil, standing, wood, 17 C replica of ancient local image destroyed by Hugunots inon high altar. N-D de Bon Conseil, on side altar. The statue copy commemorates the vision of a 12 C monk, stolen at end of 18 C, brought misfortune on family of thieves, hidden in a cleft rock where later found, saved at Rev.
Notre-dame-de-grace black dating statue now stands behind the altar in the village, 14 C, stone, small, very black and shiny. Mazan Vaucluse In church east of town, N-D la Brune or La Sarcleuse, wood, 14 Notre-dame-de-grace black dating, original found 11 C by women weeding field, church sackedBV thrown into brazier which exploded, saved by notre-dame-de-grace black dating, damaged by fire and sabre, restoredchurch locked but BV visible through barred window.
In midst notre-dame-de-grace black dating major cemetery dating from pagan times, N-D de Pareloup wards off wolves or du Puy, destroyed at Rev. Mende Lozere In cathedral, N-D de Mende, walnut or apple wood, no Child but red-painted robe reveals rounded breasts and prominent belly, brought back from Holy Land by Crusaders indamaged by Huguenots, saved at Rev.
In glass-covered niche above water pump in rue Notre-Dame, N-D de la Fontaine or du Puits, mural above BV shows angel holding scroll with Nigra sum sed formosa I am black but beautiful. Meymac Correze N-D de Meymac, wood, 12 C, very black faces and hands, pink fingernails, red lips, white and black eyes; BV has gold sabots and turban, very large hands, red cloak and green dress; one of the strangest and most interesting BVs.
Montmerle-sur-Saone Ain In local church, N-D de Bon-Secours or des Minimes, sailors saw bronze statue in Saone which moved miraulously to site of present church; pilgrimage and church of St.
Mary well established byknown as black in the diocese. BV of Coulandon in Seminary of Moulins. Martin, 14 C, olive wood, blackened by fire of Luc, 12 C, restored after the Rev. Orcival Puy-de-Dome N-D d'Orcival, de la Delivrance or des Notre-dame-de-grace black dating, 12 C, recently restored, polychrome walnut wood covered in silver except face notre-dame-de-grace black dating hands which are brown, BV found when workman's hammer was thrown to determine site of church on hillock called the Tomb of the Holy Virgin.
Neighboring hamlet of Briffons has copy of N-D d'Orcival. Orleans Loiret N-D des Miracles, de la Recouvrance or St Mary the Egyptian, stone, 16 C, made of two unequal stones deliberately blackened, replacing ancient wooden BV burnt notre-dame-de-grace black dating Protestantsdescribed as Vierge Noire Couronnee on prayer card, statue of Mary in black wood brought to city in 5 or 6 C by Syrian merchants.
Laurent,oak from Montaigu, considered Vierge Brune by priest. N-D du Chene oakin special church nearby, found in trunk of oak-tree after revelation to local girl innot considered BV by priest.
The most celebrated and venerated Madonna in Paris until notre-dame-de-grace black dating Rev. Etienne des Gres, in Latin Quarter, carved in a single block of hard limestone, saved at Rev. Ursula, believed notre-dame-de-grace black dating have either arrived alone in a boat or brought by Crusader insaved at Rev.
Pradelles Haute-Loire N-D de Pradelles, 14 C, cedar, brought back from the notre-dame-de-grace black dating by Crusader, hidden during troubles, dug up by servant girlsaved from fire at Rev. Prats-de-Mollo Pyrenees-Orientales N-D dell Corall oak-treefound in heart of oak 13 C by herdsman attracted by the strange behavior of his bull, in sanctuary of same name. Louis, burned at Rev. Small replica of original in vestry.
Louis infound by cattle, saved by butchers at Rev. Luke, the most ancient image notre-dame-de-grace black dating in 8 C. La Rochette Savoie N-D des Plaints lamendation13 C, painted wood, saved at Rev, found by shepherd who heard tearful voice from bush.
Roumegoux Tarn N-D de la Brune, standing, wood giltfound by sheep, original dark stone statue destroyed by Protestants17 C copy in church. Louis, wood of somber color. Gervazy Puy-de-Dome 11 C wood statue stolenexact replica in plastic from the workshops of the Louvre replaced the original Aug. Statue reported to appear at auction in Madrid inand returned by Spanish police. Marie de la Mer, cedar, 13 C, in legend attributed to St.
Luke, notre-dame-de-grace black dating by St. Mary Magdalene to France, polylchrome since restoration. Sarrance Basses-Pyrenees N-D de Sarrance, notre-dame-de-grace black dating la Pierre or La Sarrasine, difficult to date, black stone, found by bull swimming in river 8 C, hidden from Protestants in mountain cave, saved at Rev.
Tarascon Bouches-du-Rhone In presbytery of Ste. Thuir Pyrenees-Orientales In church of St. Apre Dordogne N-D de Perduz, wooden, chocolate-colored BV, of uncertain age, crusader of notre-dame-de-grace black dating family promised church to Virgin on safe return, found statue in ruins of old chapel.
Toulouse Haute-Garonne N-D la Noire or de la Daurade, painted wood, only head and bust sculpted,replacing very different older gilt statue with black notre-dame-de-grace black dating and face destroyed at Rev. Philibert, painted and gilded notre-dame-de-grace black dating, considered one of the most beautiful Vierges de Majeste de l'art roman.
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