The first traces of people living in the Fraser Valley date from 4, to 10, years ago. The early inhabitants of the area were highly mobile hunter-gatherers. There is archeological evidence catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia a settlement in the lower Fraser Canyon called "the Milliken site" after historian August 'Gus' Milliken  and a seasonal encampment "the Glenrose Cannery site" near the mouth of the Fraser River.
Remains of this latter campsite show that in spring catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia early summer, the people came here to hunt land and sea mammalssuch as deerelkand seals and, to a lesser extent, to fish for salmonsticklebackeulachonand sturgeon and to gather shellfish. Their lives depended on their success at harvesting the resources of the land and the rivers through fishing, foraging, and hunting. As Carlson notes:. Two archaeological sites referred to in the Origins section are well documented.
Additional archaeological evidence from the early period has been found throughout the region, including sites at Stave LakeCoquitlam Lakeand Fort Langley. Many more sites exist that date from the middle Holocene period c. Tools found indicate considerable continuity with the early period.
One striking feature of this period is the introduction of permanent house sites, showing evidence of cultural transmission from a nomadic to a more sedentary lifestyle between 5, and 4, years ago.
Characteristic of this period were decorative and sculpted stone items, an increasingly complex relationship with the environment, and a more stable and increasingly complex culture. The now extinct Coast Salish woolly dog appeared for the first time during this period. This has come to be used for the ancient village site that has been excavated in the surrounding field. There are two major eras found in the dig, one BP and the other from BP.
Both indicate posthole and timber-frame construction and advanced social and economic life. The site was eventually abandoned and covered by flooding and sediment during the ongoing evolution of the Fraser delta. In the early 21st century, a group of structures known variously as the Fraser Valley Pyramids or Scowlitz Mounds at Harrison Bay, near Chehalis, are under investigation by a joint task force of the Scowlitz First Nation and archaeologists.
Little is known about the mounds, which appear to be burial mounds and which contain timber structures to sustain the weight of the mound. This period extends from 3, years ago to first contact with European people. New forms of ground stone technologyincluding slate knivesslate points, hand maulsnephrite chiselsand nephrite adzesare evidence of an increasingly specialized society evolving during this period.
Social class distinctions were accompanied by changing house forms that indicated expanding households. Warfare became increasingly widespread. The first is that the disease came up from Mexico spreading with overland travelers, the second and more likely theory is that it was brought to the coast through trade routes with Europeans. This exposed more people to the virus. Those who survived were affected with blindness and other permanent disabilities making hunting and other activities difficult.
This caused many people to suffer from hunger along with the emotional damage from debilitation. The first European to explore the region from overland was Simon Fraserwho travelled down the river that bears his name in Although the HBC built the posts with the fur trade in mind, trade in salmon soon took over as the primary item of exchange.
Between andFort Langley's purchases of salmon increased from barrels to barrels. The fort repelled an attack by the Euclataws of Quadra Islandhelping to bring an end to slave raids on the lower Fraser by northern tribes. But, slave raiding continued for several decades after the establishment of Ft. With the discovery of gold came the influx of over 30, miners with goals of striking it rich.
No treaties were ever made in BC, and although Governor Douglas planned to create them, the gold rush and subsequent immigration rush hindered this. Sergeant William McColl was directed in by Douglas to create the reserves. Soon after the survey was completed Douglas retired and McColl died. Trutch believed that if the land was not being used for agrarian purposes it was not required. In the years following these events the federal and provincial governments have paid very little attention to the problems that First Nations people have been experiencing in British Columbia.
In British Columbia acknowledged that Aboriginal rights to land and resources needed to be extinguished by treaty as stated in the Royal Proclamation.
They created the BC Treaty Commission to help deal with these issues. It was first operated by the Roman Catholic Church of Canada and secondly by the Canadian federal government. There was emphasis on the catechism of the Roman Catholic Church and academics. Later, there was a catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia to agriculture and industrial vocations including catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia, attending mass, ironing and sewing.
On arrival at catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia school students were assigned lockers, beds and dormitory. They were also checked for lice and given two sets of clothes to be worn and marked. Accounts of abuse at the school vary from person to person and at different eras. Terry Glavin writes that in the s, there was no corporal punishment at all, but in later periods strapping became routine, and for some students, conditions were nightmarish. In16 students had graduated with full grade 12 diplomas.
New Bell Tower, built inalso housed the original bell from Mission. The dialect is included in the Coast Salish language family. Because of this, several speakers have been lost in each successive year.
In turn, the language is facing the threat of extinction. In residential schools, such as St. If students did speak their language instead of the desired English, they would often be punished physically or mentally to reinforce which language was to be spoken - or not spoken.
It was catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia in the efforts to teach members of the community the catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia and be able to have these community members teach the language catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia others. The language staff involved in the program established an ongoing language archive on the catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia and website application First Voices.
Coast Salish towns and villages were located along the waterways in watershedsboth for access to water for cooking and drinking, and for salmon fishing. Its importance in their culture was reflected in ceremonies dedicated to it. The various tribes, sometimes named by Europeans for the river they were located near, fished on the Fraser River and its tributaries, including the Chilliwack and the Harrison.
Important parts of the community life of the people were related to the life cycle of the salmon. The First Salmon Ceremony was held when the first salmon were brought back from the river. It was then shared with either the entire community or more privately in a family setting. After the salmon meat was eaten the bones of the fish were then returned to the river.
This was to show respect to the salmon people. If the ceremony was not performed and the fish not shared it was said that the fisher would experience bad luck for the rest of the year and the salmon run may not be as strong. In order to have salmon through the off seasons it was preserved through two different methods. In the summer salmon was wind dried with salt in the Fraser Canyon. In the fall salmon was catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia, this was traditionally done for a week or two but with catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia refrigeration technology smoking is only done for a few days.
Dried salmon was then either boiled or steamed before eating. Salmon was not only used for food, it was also crucial for trading. The Hudson Bay Company then began to ask for salmon after seeing the impressive hauls that were being made. Major contributions to this include the building of the CPR, agriculture, and forestry. One of the newer major issues is the expanding farmed salmon industry.
The farmed salmon are transferring lice and disease to the catholic dating in coquitlam british columbia salmon. Slaves may have been treated relatively well, but they were not permitted to eat with others at the Longhouse fire. The use of slaves died out in the nineteenth century. In some bands, the memory of which families descend from slaves may persist.
Expert hunters were referred to as Tewit and led during the hunting season. Pit houses or Quiggly hole houses also were used during earlier generations. A pubescent girl would be brought to a pit lined with cedar boughs and told to remain there during daylight hours, leaving only to eat and sleep.
This custom was practiced widely, at least until youth were sent to residential schools. Several bands belong to each council and some to both. Six bands belong to neither council see below for list. Four First Nations withdrew from the treaty process, leaving seventeen to reach Stage Four of the six-stage process.
Contents move to sidebar hide. Mary's Residential School. Article Talk. Read Edit View history. Tools Tools. Download as PDF Printable version. In other projects. Wikimedia Commons. Indigenous group of British Columbia. Main article: St. Mary's Indian Residential School. ISBN ISBN X. Mary's Mission School".
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